Without intending to do so, I notice that my last three pieces for Third Sector (including this one) are about sector leading high-impact enterprises. Two months ago, I wrote about the Ethical Property Company (EPC), which announced that they would be undertaking their ninth equity share issue. Last month I discussed a different ClearlySo client, Justgiving, and how our firm was founded on the pledge to create 100 firms just like it (high-impact with good returns). This month I am tempting fate a bit as at the time of writing the deal has not yet closed. But by the beginning of December, HCT will have closed a financing of approximately £10m with a range of social investors including Big Issue Invest, Triodos, FSE Group, Social and Sustainable Capital, City Bridge Trust, Esmée Fairbairn Foundation, The Phone Coop, and HSBC, with ClearlySo as HCT’s financial adviser. Notably the traditional impact investors and foundations were joined by a commercial bank and a Co-op. We believe it is the largest growth capital investment in UK impact investment to date.
HCT is a giant in the impact investment sector. A bus operator founded in 1982 (when Hackney’s local authority bus company was failing), the firm has grown rapidly, with circa 1000 employees, 500+ vehicles and turnover of £45m. It has continued to grow at 10-20% per annum, even in a slowing UK bus company market, and has emerged as a leader outside of the “Big 6” behemoths.
We began working with the company in 2008 (they were keen to lessen their dependence on mainstream bank lenders – a shrewd move), and assisted them in their £4m+ transaction in 2010. The 2015 deal is larger and even more complex. The firm continued to use a mix of senior and junior debt, as well as the “revenue participation” (or quasi-equity) instrument pioneered in the 2010 deal. The mix of investors was even greater (there were four in the 2010 transaction) and, of vital importance to the sector, investors were able to successfully exit the 2010 deal with strong returns. The impact investment sector will not grow if the capital going in cannot find its way back to investors – possibly to be recycled into other impact deals.
Coordinating the efforts of about a dozen players is no easy feat, and the transaction was not without its challenges. Each impact investor, with great intentions, has their own passionate view on what is absolutely essential – blending this into a single deal is not easy work. Also, all of us in the impact space are learning as we go. Mistakes are being made, new concepts are being developed live in the laboratory of the market, and this can be frustrating for all concerned. But this is a necessary part of the market-building process.
Returning to my original point, the success of companies like HCT, EPC and Justgiving is absolutely essential. We cannot solve social problems, or offset rapidly shrinking public services expenditure unless we access large mainstream pools of capital. These pools have polite interest at best in the early stage ventures which get a great deal of attention (also from ClearlySo). For impact investing to thrive we absolutely must scale those with the potential and desire to do so, and in this way attract the largest financial services firms into becoming substantial impact investors. They will only invest in significant, established companies in any size. In my view, there is no higher priority for the impact space and to address the public services deficit.
First published in Third Sector in November 2015.